TEXTILES, THE HISTORY
The term ‘Textile’ is a Latin word originated from the word ‘texere’ which means ‘to weave’. Textile refers to a flexible material comprising of a network of natural or artificial fibers, known as yarn. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting and pressing fibers together.
The history of textile is almost as old as that of human civilization and as time moves on the history of textile has further enriched itself. In the 6th and 7th century BC, the oldest recorded indication of using fiber comes with the invention of flax and wool fabric at the excavation of Swiss lake inhabitants. In India, the culture of silk was introduced in 400AD, while spinning of cotton traces back to 3000BC.
In China, the discovery and consequent development of sericulture and spin silk methods got initiated at 2640 BC while in Egypt the art of spinning linen and weaving developed in 3400 BC. The discovery of machines and their widespread application in processing natural fibers was a direct outcome of the industrial revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries. The discoveries of various synthetic fibers like nylon created a wider market for textile products and gradually led to the invention of new and improved sources of natural fiber. The development of transportation and communication facilities facilitated the path of a transaction of localized skills and textile art among various countries.
TEXT SOURCE: TEXTILE SCHOOL
TEXTILES: MADE IN PORTUGAL
Clothing and textiles reflect within a society revealing social customs and culture – Portugal is no exception. Portugal’s textile industry has earned global prestige for its quality, innovation, creativity and responsiveness – and its manufacturers are dominating the market from the high end to the high street. The industry represents 12% of the Portugal’s export revenues, globally known for its high standards.
From clothing to soft furnishings, Portugal is on the pulse of fashion, creativity and comfort. It’s not just about classic fabrics such as cotton and wool, Portuguese designers have a flair for incorporating different styles, techniques and materials such as weaving lace, embroidery, knit, crochet, macramé, wicker – even wood and cork.
Here is a list of some of MADEIRA LIFESTYLE®’s favourite Portuguese designers:
SOFT FURNIGHINGS & DECORATION
CLOTHING & ACCESSORIES
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